IT Careers for Girls

Web Development and Administration

Job Titles - Content Engineer, Designer, Graphical User Interface (GUI) Programmer, Interface Design Director, Web Applications Developer, Webmaster, Full Stack Developer, Front or Back-end Developer

What they Do - Web developers design and create websites. They are responsible for the look of the site. They are also responsible for the site’s technical aspects, such as its performance and capacity, which are measures of a website’s speed and how much traffic the site can handle. 

There are 3 different types of web development you can pursue:

Front End Developer -  these chicks create the part a user sees and interacts with using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript programming codes. They’re the developers who take the design and create a functioning website from it. 

Back End Developer - the back end developer works behind-the-scenes and uses programming languages such as PHP, Ruby, Python. They usually work with a front end developer to make sure their code works within the site’s design. 

Full Stack Developer - a full stack developer does just what the name implies - works with both the front and back end of a website, the "full stack." Front end languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are used as well as one or more back end languages.

A lot of employers are looking for developers who know how to work on all the parts of a site. This may not mean she writes all the front & back code (although some do), but that she knows enough about the code across the entire stack help anywhere if needed.

Education -  Educational requirements for web developers vary. Requirements range from a high school diploma to a bachelor’s degree. An associate’s degree in web design or related field is the most common requirement. However, for more technical developer positions, some employers prefer workers who have at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field such as business management. Web developers need to have a thorough understanding of HTML programming. Start here to learn the basics of programming languages.  

Certification - The Javascript Specialist exam will verify your skills in using JavaScript. The Oracle Certified Professional Java SE Programmer is the most basic certification exam for those who work with Java. A good certification program for Ruby on Rails is the Ruby Association Certified Ruby Programmer.  Course offerings from Udemy, Udacity and the like offer courses where you create projects that can be added to your portfolio. Some also offer certificates.

Learn Web Development!

Pay - The median annual wage for web developers was $64,970 in May 2015. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $34,770, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $116,620.*

Job Outlook - Employment of web developers is projected to grow 27 percent from 2014 to 2024, much faster than the average for all occupations. Employment of web developers is projected to grow as ecommerce continues to expand. Online purchasing is expected to grow faster than the overall retail industry. As retail firms expand their online offerings, demand for web developers will increase.*

*US Department of Labor